Why Private Mortgage Insurance Sucks?

If you're a home buyer, avoid private mortgage insurance like a plague.

Private mortgage insurance is an insurance policy that protects mortgage lenders against losses that result from you defaulting on a home mortgage, dies, or is otherwise unable to meet the contractual obligation of the mortgage.

It is usually required from mortgage borrower if their down payment is less than 20 percent

That’s right, you pay the insurance to protect your bank.

Private mortgage insurance may come with a typical “pay-as-you-go” premium payment, or it may be capitalized into a lump sum payment at the time of mortgage origination.

As an alternative to private mortgage insurance, some lenders may offer a “piggyback” second mortgage, which serves as or part of the down payment to avoid private mortgage insurance.

This option may be marketed as being cheaper for the borrower, but that doesn’t necessarily is true. Always compare the total cost before making a final decision.

Another alternative is “lender-paid insurance”, which sounds so much more reasonable. With lender-paid insurance, you are required to put down at least 10 percent as down payment.

That’s still a lot better than you paying for private mortgage insurance, which can add up to a lot of money, which could have been use to pay down the principal.

Not every lenders offer lender-paid insurance, so you have to shop around and ask, especially mortgage brokers. You can always get better deals from mortgage brokers than big banks.

Once you’ve paid off some of your loan and/or your equity in your property has increased to where your loan is less than 80% of your property value, you may be eligible to cancel your mortgage insurance. Once the mortgage insurance is cancelled, you will stop paying the monthly premium, which you can now use that as additional payment to the principal and pay off your mortgage a little bit faster.

Related article: Pay Off Your Mortgage in 7 Years

The private mortgage insurance does not cancelled automatically when your loans reaches less than 80% of your property’s value. You have to initiate the cancellation. So check your mortgage and property tax assessment value at least yearly.

Related article: Don’t waste your money on mortgage life insurance

Be the first to be notified of special events, workshops and promotions directly to your email.

Join 58 other subscribers

If you’re a home buyer, avoid private mortgage insurance like a plague.

Private mortgage insurance is an insurance policy that protects mortgage lenders against losses that result from you defaulting on a home mortgage, dies, or is otherwise unable to meet the contractual obligation of the mortgage.

It is usually required from mortgage borrower if their down payment is less than 20 percent

That’s right, you pay the insurance to protect your bank.

Private mortgage insurance may come with a typical “pay-as-you-go” premium payment, or it may be capitalized into a lump sum payment at the time of mortgage origination.

As an alternative to private mortgage insurance, some lenders may offer a “piggyback” second mortgage, which serves as or part of the down payment to avoid private mortgage insurance.

This option may be marketed as being cheaper for the borrower, but that doesn’t necessarily is true. Always compare the total cost before making a final decision.

Another alternative is “lender-paid insurance”, which sounds so much more reasonable. With lender-paid insurance, you are required to put down at least 10 percent as down payment.

That’s still a lot better than you paying for private mortgage insurance, which can add up to a lot of money, which could have been use to pay down the principal.

Not every lenders offer lender-paid insurance, so you have to shop around and ask, especially mortgage brokers. You can always get better deals from mortgage brokers than big banks.

Once you’ve paid off some of your loan and/or your equity in your property has increased to where your loan is less than 80% of your property value, you may be eligible to cancel your mortgage insurance. Once the mortgage insurance is cancelled, you will stop paying the monthly premium, which you can now use that as additional payment to the principal and pay off your mortgage a little bit faster.

Related article: Pay Off Your Mortgage in 7 Years

The private mortgage insurance does not cancelled automatically when your loans reaches less than 80% of your property’s value. You have to initiate the cancellation. So check your mortgage and property tax assessment value at least yearly.

Related article: Don’t waste your money on mortgage life insurance

Be Your Own Bank

Exploiting the living benefits of a cash value life insurance

The cash value life insurance is a little known secret for real estate investment or anyone planning their retirement.

The indexed universal life is the best investment vehicle. Why?

Cash value life insurance, as in it's name, is life insurance with cash value. Similar to a savings account associated with your life insurance. The difference is this "savings account" grows tax-free as part of the life insurance.

This is the bonus for real estate investors. Short on cash. Borrow from your cash value account interest free. How does that sound?

Let me clarify this a little. Every cash value life insurance policy is different. Most charge interest rate for borrowing. But some charge more and some charges less. The one that I have, charges 0.75% for first 1-9 years, then 0% after 10 years. Contact me to find out more.

The other thing is when you borrow money from your cash value, you'll not taking money out from your account, you're borrowing against your cash value, which is being used as a collateral for your loan. This is an added bonus, because your cash continues to grow tax-free while you're enjoying your extra cash interest-free.

Another bonus with borrowing from a cash value life insurance is that you don't have to repay your loan it you don't want to. How? Good questions!

Remember it is a life insurance policy. So it also has a face value. When you die, the insurance will pay off your loan with your policy's face value.

Isn't this a great idea? People always think that life insurance only benefit the family after you diet, but with a cash value life insurance, you got to benefit from it too before you die.

Need help with retirement planning?

Many wealthy people use a cash value life insurance for their retirement planning. Say you pay your insurance premium every year and contribute to the cash value at maximum level every year for thirty years, and never taken any loans out. Now you're 65 years old, and ready to retire. By now your cash value should have grown significantly over the years TAX-FREE.

Now you can stop paying premium, because your cash value is be used to pay your premium, and at the same time pay you money for the living expenses. Again, this pay-out is given in the form of a loan, so the cash value continues to grow while you enjoy your retirement, and you do not pay tax. Remember, Uncle Sam taxes earnings only when you withdraw it, but not loan interest.

Read Do You Have the Retirement Plan to Retire Rich?

With that all said, you might be wondering what's the best cash value life insurance?

I would have to say hands down the indexed universal life. This is like the Rolls Royce of life insurance. What make this particular policy so special is that your cash value never loses money. The one that I have tracks the indexes of Europe, Hong Kong and US - Euro Stoxx 50, Hang Seng and S&P 500.

As investor, you probably knows the risk of investing in stock markets - the ups and the downs. In this product, there is a floor of 1%, which means, even if the stock market tanks, I still get 1% return on my cash, and the ceiling is 13.75%, the maximum return I can get. I think this is pretty good deal because when you lost 5% in the stock market, you need a 10% return to regain what you lost. With this policy I have no loss, only gains.

Creative Real Estate Investing

Millionaires Invest in Real Estate

Do you want to invest in real estate but short on cash? Not having to deal with tenants?

Real estate investing does not require lots of your own money. Not only that. You can pay down your 30-year mortgage in less than 10 years, use OPM (other people's money) to invest in real estate AND generate a stream of "passive" income. Income that goes automatically to your bank account without you doing anything or lifting a finger.

Sounds pretty good. I can see you putting on your skeptical thinking hat.

Don't worry. I was in your same position when I first heard of this strategy and was skeptical too. But after I learned what it is, the light bulb in the head just light up.

This is exactly what I've been looking for. I was looking for a way to finance my current mortgage so I can have access to my equity because I realized early on that in a traditional mortgage (the one that you and I have) accumulates equity, which is a good thing. But you can't use that money until you sell your property. That's why some homeowners are "home poor" because most of our money are locked in our homes.

I have always wanted to make some real estate investment, but I don't have the cash available for the down payment. All my cash is tied up in my home equity. And I don't want to take a home equity loan, because that means another loan I have to pay every month.

I started looking into selling my property, which has accumulated quite a bit of value in just 5 years (of course, it is in the highly-sought after Waikiki neighborhood), and purchased another residence with extra units for rental income.

One day while talking to a friend who is in similar situation, she mentioned about "off-set mortgage". Apparently, it is something that has been around for years in Australia and United Kingdom. According to Investopedia, the reason why off-set mortgage is not available in the United States is because of our tax law, which translates to "banks does not reap much profit from off-set mortgage". That's why it be banded by our tax laws.

Investopedia explains the off-set mortgage in a very simple and easy to understand way. You should check it out here.

Then I started asking my real estate broker, who has been in real estate business for over twenty years if he had heard of off-set mortgage. Of course, the answer is no. I asked banks, loan officers, etc. They all gave me a negative answer.

Out of nowhere one day, another friend of mine called and want my opinion about a property she and her husband are contemplating whether to buy or not. And during the conversation, she mentioned some kind of financial education that helps people with their mortgage and it's called "Sweep Strategy". I have no idea whatsoever. But I looked it up anyway per her recommendation.

Voila...the information on the website caught my attention. I attended the introduction presentation, which is totally and purely informative. No pressure or obligation whatsoever to buy anything or sign-up.

After the presentation, I was like "God just answered my prayer". This is exactly what I was looking for.

How funny?

I always say be careful what you ask for, because you always get what you ask for.

Visit www.sweepstrategies.com to learn more. And if you're curious, schedule to attend an introductory class. They have offices in Ward area and Aiea.

Disclaimer: I have no financial ties with the Sweep Strategies other than being one their potential clients and partners. I'm just a purist who loves to spread the joy and any good information that I have to my friends and family. It surely would be nice if you mention my name as the one who refers you to them. They will treat you exceptionally well.

Here are few creative strategies to help kick start your real estate investing career:

What is a Home Equity Line of Credit or HELOC?

What is home equity line of credit or HELOC?

If you have used a credit card, you'll easily understand the concept of the home equity line of credit or HELOC. In simple term, a HELOC is a revolving credit, like the credit limit with your credit card. The difference is that a HELOC uses your home's equity as a collateral. Basically, it's a credit card secured with your home's equity.

And what is home equity?

What is Home Equity

Home equity is the difference between what your home market value and the total home mortgage you owed. For example, your home is now worth $1 million, and you have a home mortgage of $300,000. So in this case, your home equity is $700,000.

Most banks do not let you borrow 100% of your home market value. The most I've seen are 90% and 95%.

How much home equity line of credit can you qualify for?

The qualification is very similar to qualifying for a home loan. You still have to show proof of income, good credit score, appraisal, etc. The general rule to figure out how much you qualify for is 80% of your home equity.

We'll use the same example we used earlier. So your home is worth $1 million in the current market. 80% of that $1 million is $800,000. We then subtract your current outstanding mortgage of $300,000. Therefore, you qualify for up to $500,000 in HELOC, given you meet income and credit score requirements.

What Can You Use a HELOC for?

HELOC uses

You’ve probably hear many times radio or TV advertising HELOC to finance your dream vacation, wedding, dream car, dream wedding, etc.

You should see me roll my eyes when these advertising show up…these are the worst way use the money.

First of all, when you borrow money to buy things that do not return money, that’s bad debts. You’re digging a hole for yourself.

A better use of the HELOC is to pay of your bad debts, such as high interest credit card balance, car loans, college loans, etc.

Even though the bank generally does not want you to use the money for real estate investing (because they think any investing is risky), but that’s the way to go.

I purchased my first rental property with a HELOC from my primary residence. And my rental property is making money for me while I’m sleeping, and the equity is of course growing every day like a healthy child.

Some banks may allow you to refinance your existing home mortgage into a HELOC. This is a rare strategy that not many people know of.

You can technically use the HELOC to pay off your mortgage in 5-7 years . I’m serious, no kidding…

Many local banks and federal credit unions offer very enticing introductory rates.

Search Short Sale and Foreclosure

Invest in Short Sale and Foreclosure Properties

Hawaii presents a very unique real estate market, not only in that it is super expensive, but the opportunities to build wealth with short sale, foreclosure and bank-owned homes.

Short sale and foreclosure homes provides a unique opportunity for investor to salvage unmarketable homes back to health, and help it re-integrate into the community.

I guess that’s why we call it “rehab” when referring to renovating a real estate property.

Many local residence have bad impression of real estate investors. Many thinks that it is the bottomless pockets of real estate investors who is manipulating the real estate market to the point, where “affordable” housing is NOT affordable to them.

I’m sure there are many crooks out there doing just that.

But, the way I see it is that real estate investors’ job is to help local community by rehabbing poor-conditioned properties back to life and back to sellable condition.

Many short sale and foreclosed properties are in such disarrayed condition that banks would not lend money on. Which means, these properties are only available to cash buyers, who are real estate investors with the cash or connection to money lenders.

They’re the ones with vision and willingness to take the risk and borrow expensive hard money cash to buy and rehab the properties, bringing them back to life putting more available properties back to the market.

Hello…supply and demand…so now more credit-worthy individuals can now qualify for conventional mortgage from banks to purchase these properties.

Browse these Sources of Short Sale and Foreclosure Real Estate Properties:

Auction.com.

Bank Foreclosure Sales.

Bank of America Foreclosure Listings.

HomePath Homes.

Hubzu.com.

HUD Homes.

Star Advertiser Notice of Foreclosure Sale.

Zillow Foreclosure Homes in Honolulu.

Hawaii Foreclosure 101

Hawaii Foreclosure Process

What is a Foreclosure?

A foreclosure is a legal process by which a homeowner’s right to the property is terminated, usually due to default. It typically involves a forced sale of the property at public auction with the proceeds applied toward the mortgage debt.

In Hawaii, mortgage lenders may foreclose on deeds of trusts or mortgages in default using either a judicial or non-judicial foreclosure.

In judicial foreclosure or “foreclosure by action”, the mortgage lender files the appropriate documents with the court to rule that the homeowner is in default.

The mortgage lender then delivers the notice of default to the homeowner, or publishes the notice if they have trouble contacting the homeowner.

The homeowner has 20 days to respond. If the homeowner does not respond in 20 days, the court would find the homeowner in default and the mortgage lender can proceed with scheduling the foreclosure sale.

However, the homeowner has 30 days after the notice of default to file a notice of appeal.

A commissioner is usually appointed to sell the property at the public auction, which are usually held at the court house steps. The commissioner publishes the notice of foreclosure sale in the local paper showing the auction dates and open house dates, if any.

Any party may bid at the auction and the winning bidder is required to pay 10 percent of the bid cash or cashier’s check.
Unfortunately, the highest bidder does not automatically get the property. Additional bidding may continue at a confirmation hearing. If the court find the price fair at the confirmation hearing, then the sale is confirmed.

Non-judicial foreclosure or “foreclosure by sale”, does not involve any court action.

The mortgage promissory note usually contain a provision called a “power of sale” clause, which allows the mortgage lender to foreclose on the property upon default to satisfy the unpaid mortgage loan.

In a non-judicial foreclosure, the mortgage lender’s attorney would publish a notice of foreclosure sale once a week for three (3) consecutive weeks in a local newspaper in the county the property is located.

The last publication cannot be less than fourteen (14) days before the sale.

The copy of notice must be posted on the property and mailed or delivered to the homeowner no less than 21 days prior to the foreclosure sale.

The foreclosed property is auctioned off to the highest bidder. The auction maybe rescheduled, which happens frequently. And the notices of sale must be re-sent and re-published.

The homeowner has up to the three (3) days prior to the foreclosure sale to save the default by paying the defaulted debt along with any costs and reasonable attorney’s fee.

Hawaii offers no right of redemption for homeowners once the sale of the property is confirmed. However, homeowners in Hawaii do have up to one (1) year to redeem a tax lien foreclosure.

After the foreclosure sale, a homeowner may still face deficiency judgement if the proceeds from the foreclosure is not enough to pay off the mortgage promissory note IN FULL, meaning the property was sold SHORT.

A foreclosing mortgage lender who completed a non-judicial foreclosure of residential property is prohibited from pursuing a deficiency judgement against the homeowner unless the debt is secured by other collateral.

Read Avoid Foreclosure at All Cost.

Owner Financing Win-Win for Both Sellers & Buyers

What is Owner Financing?

Owner financing or seller financing, is as the name implies, the owner finance the deal, meaning the own is now also the bank. Instead of the buyer getting a loan from the bank, and paying monthly payment to the bank, the buyer will pay the owner a monthly payment.

Owners usually offer owner-financing to make their properties easier to sell because the seller now has a larger pool of buyers, who are unable to obtain mortgage from banks. Sellers may finance part of the purchase price - 30% or 50%. Sometimes they may even finance up to 100%.

A typical owner-financing deal looks something like this. The owner or seller has a property that he/she wants to sell for $500,000. With more stringent bank requirement, mortgage loans are hard to come by. So the seller offers owner financing to less qualified buyers. The seller finance 50% of purchase with a small down payment, which means the buyer only has to come up with the other 50% from the bank. So instead of coming with $100,000 down payment (20% of the purchase price) and getting a $400,000 conventional loan, the owner may only require a $10,000 down payment, and owner-finance the $250,000. The buyer now would need only to borrow $240,000 from the bank for this purchase.

Seller financing are usually short-terms 3-5 years long, at which time the buyer, hopefully with better income and credit score, would be able to re-finance with the bank. Most seller financing charges higher interest rates, something around 5-6% now, for 3-5 years, then balloon payment at the end of term.

Why is Seller Financing a Win-Win Strategy for Both the Sellers and Buyers?

The benefit for the seller is that he/she would earn the interest that would normally goes to the mortgage bank. The seller is acting as the bank and the money he/she is lending is secured with the property, which means if the buyer default or is not able to refinance at the end of the financing term, the property goes back to the seller.

The benefit for the buyer is that he/she can buy the property now, instead of waiting to save up enough down payment or repair their credit score, or whatever their reasons for not getting a mortgage from the bank.

Hopefully at the end of the owner-financing term, the property would have increased in value or equity either through appreciation and/or consistent monthly payment. Now with more equity in the property, the buyer should be able to refinance to a conventional mortgage easily.

Isn't it brilliant?

Owner Financing

Sell Your Home as Rent-to-Own

Rent-to-own homes

Rent-to-own, also known as lease option, is an investing strategy that can be benefit both home buyers and home sellers.
For home sellers, rent-to-own may be the perfect solution to ensure you get top dollar for your home in a buyer’s market. It may even generates some extra income for the seller before the actual sale of the home. The rent-to-own strategy also increases the number of potential buyers for your home to include those who do not qualify for the conventional mortgage from banks.
In a rent-to-own or lease option, the homeowner rents his/her property to a potential buyer (lessee) with the exclusive right to purchase the home within a certain time period, usually 3 years or longer. The homeowner cannot legally sell the property to anyone else during the period defined by the lease option. The homeowner and lessee would negotiate in the beginning of the lease the term of the lease to include the purchase price, option or earnest money, monthly payment in addition to the rent.

Decide if a rent-to-own is for you. Rent-to-own isn't for everybody. If you need all the money from the sale of your home right away, you're better off with a straight sale. In addition, the majority of rent-to-own aren't exercised, so you may have to begin the process of selling your home all over again after the lease terminates.

You might also have to consider if you want to, or aren't able to, keep up with the responsibilities of continuing to own the home. In the a rent-to-own scenario, the homeowner must continue to pay property taxes and insurance and is generally still responsible for major repairs during the lease period.

Do a background and credit check on the applicants. At this point, you have to look at potential buyers as potential tenants, and you don't want to do a rent-to-own with somebody who you wouldn't rent to. Look for someone with good references, a steady source of income, and the ability to pay the rent plus, if applicable, the additional monthly option money.

As far as the applicant's credit history, you probably don't want someone with serious credit trouble, but at the same time you may want to be somewhat lenient. Many buyers who choose rent-to-own do so because they have some blemishes on their credit and want to improve their profile before applying for a loan.

Pre-qualify your lessee. It's a good idea to contact a loan officer or mortgage broker to at least discuss the potential buyer's prospects for obtaining a mortgage at the end of the lease term. There is more uncertainty (and, hopefully, more chance of improvement) the longer the lease term, but both you and the potential buyer can get a realistic idea of whether they'll be able to buy the house.

This step is essential if it's important to you to sell the house at the end of the lease. But ethically, and perhaps legally, it's important regardless of your preference because if you take option money and above-market rent from a tenant who can't possibly buy the house at the end of the lease, you're just ripping the tenant off.

Provide the potential buyer with a seller's disclosure form. The disclosure form lists any known problems with the house. You attest, to the best of your knowledge, to the condition of the house. This form is standard for other purchase transactions but is sometimes left out in a rent-to-own. Make sure you give the buyer this form to help him or her make an informed decision and to protect the integrity of the contract and sale. The buyer should also have an independent home inspection done.

Prepare a lease agreement with option to buy and collect option money. You can get fill-in-the-blank rent-to-own forms online, but you're better off getting them from a local real estate agent or attorney. The contract is sometimes added as an addendum to a standard sales contract. Unless you really know what you're doing, get help with the details of the contract from a real estate attorney, not a or broker.

The most important thing to remember is that you've got to cover not just the money issues but also who is responsible for what types of repairs and other complications that are bound to come up.

◦ Agree on the purchase price of the home, which should be fixed on the lease contract. You'll be obligated to sell at this price, so you want to make sure it's something you can live with. Ideally, the agreed-upon price should be at least at fair market value and maybe slightly more (especially for lease terms of 1 year or more) to compensate for the convenience to the buyer and for the likely appreciation of the property over the term. You and/or the buyer may want to pay for an appraisal to validate the price. Banks and other lenders will only loan against the appraised value, regardless of the price that you agreed on with the buyer.

◦ Determine how much option money to collect. Some states and municipalities have laws specifying a maximum amount of option money that can be taken, but in general the initial option money or option fee can be almost any amount. A typical figure is 2-4% of the purchase price. You will keep this money no matter what. If the lessee decides to buy, the money will be credited toward the down payment or the purchase price, and if the lessee doesn't buy, he or she forfeits the option money to you. Keep in mind that many buyers choose lease options because they can't come up with a big down payment, so don't expect to be able to get a huge amount of initial option money.

◦ Decide how much of the lessee's monthly payment will be credited toward the option. Anywhere from 0-100% of the monthly payments can be credited toward the purchase price, although the amount is sometimes subject to state or local laws. In general, the monthly payment will be calculated at fair rental value plus a set amount that will go toward the purchase price. This, like the initial option money, will either be credited toward the down payment or the purchase price or, if the tenant doesn't buy, will be forfeited to you.

◦ Decide on the term of the lease. Lease options typically run anywhere from 6-24 months. Less than six months usually doesn't make sense for the buyer, and more than 2 years (sometimes more than 1 year) may cause tax or legal complications. Shorter lease terms generally result in sales more than longer terms, simply because there are so many variables over the long term, but the length of the lease should be adequate to ensure that the lessee has time to get his or her financial ducks in a row. Keep in mind that if housing prices appreciate quickly, you may be getting a bad deal on a long lease, since you're obligated to sell at the agreed-upon price. If housing prices decline, however, you may be getting a good deal, but if they've declined significantly, the lessee is unlikely to buy the house. You still get to keep the option money, however.

Get the right home insurance coverage. Since you will no longer be the owner-occupant of the house, you may need to update your homeowners insurance policy to a dwelling policy. Check with your insurance agent to determine what policy is necessary and what coverage you need. Your tenant should also be insured to cover his or her liability and, depending on your state, any gaps in your coverage that may result from the lease option.

Collect monthly payments. Now, all you need to do is collect the payments each month. Keep track of the payments received so you'll have a record when the time comes for the lessee to exercise the option (or, in the the worst-case scenario, when you have to go to court to settle a dispute).

Sell the home. At the end of the lease term, the lessee can exercise the option to purchase your home for the price specified on or before the date specified. The total option money paid (including the initial option money plus any credit from the monthly payments) will go toward the down payment. Thus, the buyer already has equity in the home and should find it easier to qualify for a mortgage.

Read Buy Your Perfect Home with Rent-to-Own.

Homeowners’ Guide to Avoid Foreclosure at All Cost

Short Sale vs Foreclosure

Homeowners facing economic hardships may have a foreclosure looming, but are often too proud or uninformed to do anything about it, until its too late.  Before considering bankruptcy or allowing the bank to foreclose, consider a short sale.  

Unlike a short sale, foreclosures are initiated by lenders only. The lender moves against delinquent borrowers to force the sale of a home, hoping to make good on its initial investment of the mortgage.

Also, unlike most short sales, many foreclosures take place when the homeowner has abandoned the home. If the occupants have not yet left the home, they are evicted by the lender in the foreclosure process.

Once the lender has access to the home, it orders its own appraisal and proceeds with trying to sell the home. Foreclosures do not normally take as long to complete as a short sale, because the lender is concerned with liquidating the asset quickly. Foreclosed homes may also be auctioned off at a "trustee sale," where buyers bid on homes in a public process.

In most circumstances, homeowners who experience foreclosure need to wait a minimum of five years to purchase another home. The foreclosure is kept on a person's credit report for up to seven years.

Although there is no guarantee your lender will agree to a short sale, here is a list of the benefits of participating in a short sale, versus being foreclosed upon. 

Benefits Of A Short Sale Versus Foreclosure

• Homeowner can apply for a short sale even if they're not behind in payments.

• There in ZERO COST to the homeowner in short sale. The lender pays all the selling costs and real estate commission. Meaning the homeowner has nothing to lose!

• The homeowner receives professional guidance from real estate agent when doing a short sale.

• A short sale may postpone the foreclosure action to allow enough time for house to be sold.

• Homeowner may qualify for financial or relocation incentives from the lender, and receive up to $10,000 for relocation from a government program called HAFA which provides an option for homeowners transitioning out of their mortgage.

• A short sale only affects your credit score between 50-70 points vs 200-400 points with foreclosure.

• Homeowner may qualify for another mortgage loan as soon as 2 years, as compared to 7 years with a foreclosure.

• Doing a short sale avoids foreclosure and waives the full deficiency owed by the homeowner. They can now walk away from the property free and clear.

• Possible tax relief from cancellation of any debt income.

• Short sales are not likely to affect jobs that require a security clearance.

• It is easier to recover financially and emotionally from a short sale than a foreclosure.

If you plan to simply pack up, leave and “let the bank have the property”. This is the worst idea ever for the following reasons:

• If you leave the house, you will still owe the balance on the mortgage plus penalties and late fees (which in many cases is tens of thousands of dollars). This means that by law you are responsible for paying off this balance over the next 10 to 20 years for a property you no longer own!

• If you walk away from the house, the bank will still try to recover the money. They can legally do this by garnishing your future wages and investments!

• If you let the property go into foreclosure, your credit score can be affected up to 400 points. This means that it is going to be hard to find somewhere to rent (if they do credit checks). It is going to be hard to get another mortgage for a very long time with a foreclosure on your record. It is also going to be hard to get credit (in general) with a foreclosure on your record.

• Having a foreclosure on your record can also be a hindrance in getting a job, especially ones that require security clearance.

Read What is Short Sale?.

 

Short Sale vs Foreclosure

Invest in Short Sale?

Short Sale Timeline for Buyers

Read What is Short Sale?.

A short sale can be a good deal for a cash buyer or investor. And it can help the seller avoid having a full foreclosure on his or her credit record.

Because in a short sale, the proceeds from the home sale are less than the amount the seller needs to pay off the mortgage debt and the costs of selling, so for this deal to go through, everyone who is owed money must agree to take less -- or possibly no money at all. This is one reason why short sale can be a very complex transaction that move slowly and often falls through.It is a lengthy and paperwork-intensive transaction that may take up to a whole year to process.

If approved for short sale, the buyer or investor negotiates with the homeowner first, then seeks approval on the purchase from the bank. It is important to note that no short sale may occur without the lender’s approval.

Before you rush in, consider the following issues.

1. Know what you are getting into. Buying a short sale is not a do-it-yourself project. Find a real estate professional (even attorney), who understands the short sale process in your state. Having an experienced and knowledgeable real estate agent (or fellow investor) on your side who knows how short sales work will increase the chances of closing the deal without loosing your shirt. Even under the ideal circumstances, short sales can take a long time to close and may require extra effort on the part of the buyer.

2. Be wary of the condition of the property. If the seller is in financial distress, chances are the home may not be well-preserved. The seller also may be reluctant to reveal serious maintenance issues. Proceed carefully and get the property inspected by a knowledgeable person before you commit.

3. Make sure the deal can close. If you've decided to go for it, the first step is to determine the status of the short sale. Below are items that most lenders require from a short seller. If the seller is unable or unwilling to provide this information, the short sale won't close and any buyer is wasting his or her time.

A hardship letter. The seller must explain why he/she cannot keep up with making payments. The sadder the story, the better. A seller who is simply tired of struggling probably won't be approved, but a seller with cancer, no job and an empty bank account may. The most common acceptable reasons are divorce, bankruptcy, loss of job or some kind of emergency.

Proof of income and assets. It is in the best interest of the lender to recover funds from the home owner. If the lender discovers that the home owner has other assets, including retirement funds, they may prefer to liquidate these assets for payment on the mortgage, and denies the short sale. The proof of income and assets must include income tax and bank statements, going back at least two years. Sometimes sellers are unwilling to produce these documents because they conflict with information on the original loan application, which may have been fudged. If that's the case, this deal is unlikely to close.

Comparative market analysis. This document shows that the value of the property has declined, which essentially means the home owner has no equity in the property, and it won't sell anytime soon for the amount owed. The comparative market analysis should include a list of comparable properties on the market and a list of properties that have sold in the past six months or have been on the market in that time frame and are about to close. This analysis is very similar to the Broker Price Opinion, which is less formal but often more informative than a property appraisal. The prices should support the seller's contention that the property is worth no more than the short-sale price.

A list of liens. The home owner must be at least 3 months behind on the mortgage and has been served a lis pendens from the court indicating that the lender intends to foreclose on the property if they do not receive payment in the near future. There may be more than one lender or liens on the property, and all lien holders have to agree to take less -- or possibly no money at all..

If there are first and second mortgage liens, the question becomes: What's the plan to satisfy these lien holders? If there is a third mortgage lien, reaching any deal is very iffy.

Deal killers include child support liens, state tax liens and homeowners association liens. If they exist and there are no obvious solutions, walk away, Thompson says.

Because a short sale generally doesn't cover the whole amount owed or other liens, it can trigger mortgage insurance. If the property is covered by a mortgage insurance policy that doesn't have to pay off until the home has been in foreclosure for 150 days or some similar length of time, chances are the insurer will hold up the sale because it won't want to pay any earlier than necessary and hopes the foreclosure will just disappear. Often the mortgage insurer will simply go silent. Thompson says: No response, no approval.

4. Be realistic. Short sale is a waiting game. This is not your game, if you're in a hurry.
Part of the slow down in short sale is potential buyers’ lowball offers, which are ultimately rejected.

Another factor is the increasing number of government programs aimed at keeping people in their homes. According to the Mortgage Bankers Association, about 50 percent of defaults never go as far as foreclosure. So lenders see short sales as potentially the least attractive option and aren't willing to expedite them.

To avoid getting stuck in an extended process of negotiation, start by negotiating with the seller and the seller's agent that your offer will be the only one presented to the lender. If the lender isn't flooded with offers, it will be more motivated to move forward.

5. Have your cash ready. Once you have a deal, you should have your money ready, preferably cash. If you're getting a loan, you need bank approval in advance.

As with any deals like REOs, short sales, foreclosure, or auctions -- make sure you have money lined up ready to go. Cash is always the best financing option in all these deals.

Search Hawaii Hard Money Lenders.